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History Of Kidapawan City

Posted by fidelhtugnao1994 on May 26, 2014 at 3:40 AM Comments comments (0)

The History Of Kidapawan City

Kidapawan City is a 3rd class city in the province of Cotabato, Philippines. It is the capital city of Cotabato Province. It is a favorite tourist destination in the late October to December and in the summer, where thousands of tourists climb the majestic Mount Apo, the country's highest mountain.


Basic Profile:


LGU Type: City

Province Name: Cotabato

LGU Name: Kidapawan City

Income Class: 3rd

Population: 119,771

Total Land Area (in has): 34,007.20

No. of Barangays: 40

No. of Households: 26,916

Financial Profile:


IRA Share: Php 402,504,294.00

Local-Sourced Revenues: Php 115,460,803.29

Other Revenues: Php 1,989,067.58

Total LGU Income: Php 519,954,164.87


Kidapawan, the city hailed as “The Spring in the Highlands”, comes from the words “TIDA” which means spring and “PAWAN” meaning highland. The city is found at the bottom of the majestic Mt. Apo, the country’s tallest mountain and making it a great spot and first-rate tourist attraction. Kidapawan is situated at the southeastern section of Cotabato province, placed in the middle of five other major cities of Davao, Digos, Cotabato, General Santos, and Cagayan de Oro.


Its first settlers were predominantly Manobos. The influx of Christian settlers from Luzon and the Visayas has resulted in the evolution of the word Tidapawan to Kidapawan. Strategically located at the foot of Mount Apo, the Philippines' tallest peak at 10,311 feet above sea level, Kidapawan City bustles with renewed energy as it opens its doors to the world. Mount Apo and its other scenic attractions make the province of Cotabato a potential world-class tourist destination.


Kidapawan City plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the province and its adjacent areas. It is the commercial and trading center of six adjoining municipalities. It also boasts of agricultural productivity that can provide a strong base for much-required industries.


Kidapawan City was legally created by virtue of Republic Act. No. 8500, signed by then President Fidel V. Ramos on February 12, 1998, making it the first component city of Cotabato Province. The people overwhelmingly ratified the said Act on March 21, 1998 during a plebiscite conducted for the purpose.


It was originally named a district of Pikit. In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Kidapawan and three years later, local Filipino soldiers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units and Moro guerrilla fighters taken to liberate Kidapawan fought the battles against the Japanese Imperial forces. Kidapawan was later declared a separate municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. 82 issued by then President Manuel Roxas on August 18, 1947 – thereby becoming the fourth town of the then Empire Province of Cotabato, composed previously of the municipalities of Cotabato (now Cotabato City), Dulawan (later named Datu Piang) and Midsayap.


Created along with the city were the 12 original barangays, namely: Birada, Ginatilan, Indangan, Linangcob, Luvimin, Manongol, Marbel, Mateo, Meohao, Mua-an, Perez, and Sibawan. From the original land area of 273, 262 hectares, Kidapawan retained only 34,007.20 hectares when four municipalities were created from it namely: Magpet (June 22, 1963, R.A. 3721), Matalam (Dec. 29, 1961, E.O. 461), M’lang (Aug. 3, 1951, E.O. 462) and President Roxas (May 8, 1967, R.A. 4869).


Prior to its conversion to a municipality, five appointed District Mayors had served Kidapawan. The first was Datu Siawan Ingkal, tribal chieftain of the Manobos, who headed the Civilian Emergency Administration when World War II broke out. He was followed by Felimon Blanco, Ceferino Villanueva, Jacinto Paclibar, and Alfonso Angeles Sr., who became the first elected mayor of the municipality.


Kidapawan became the provincial capital of Cotabato Province pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 341 dated 22 November 1973, with the provincial seat of government located in Amas. Later, Batas Pambansa No. 660 dated 19 December 1983 renamed the Province of North Cotabato just plain Cotabato. By the time it became the province capital, Kidapawan had already 40 barangays under its geopolitical jurisdiction.



Cebuanos and Ilonggos are the major ethnic groups in the city. Other ethnic groups residing in the area are the Ilocanos, Maguindanaons and Manobos. Cebuano language is the most widely spoken language, especially in the city proper. English is considered as the medium of instruction in schools and other learning institutions; it is also predominantly used in major government agencies in their transactions and reports. Laws and ordinances in the city are all written in English. Most of the inhabitants can also speak Filipino.



Located outside the typhoon belt, the city is blessed with a favorable climate characterized by wet and dry seasons. The coldest months are December and January, and the hottest months are April and May.



Kidapawan City was classified as a 1st class city per Department of Finance Order No. 20-2005 . In 2006, it yielded an income of Php268.94 million, of which 73.8 percent constituted the Internal Revenue Allotment. Of its Php314.22 million total expenditures for the year, 25.9 percent were expended on economic services.


The City is considered as the province’s industrial hub. It plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the province and its adjacent areas. It is the commercial and trading hub of six neighboring municipalities. It lies at the heart of two large domestic markets: General Santos City, Davao City and Cotabato City.



The flower-cutting industry is a good source of livelihood among Cotabateños, especially those residing in Kidapawan City. In addition to ornamental and forest tree seedlings, flowers such as roses, anthuriums and orchids are abundantly grown locally providing a very promising and highly profitable source of livelihood and business in the area.


Kidapawan city also prides itself as the Second Fruit Basket of the Philippines, after Davao City. Exotic fruits like durian, Mangosteen, lanzones, marang, singkamas, rambutan, banana, and the like are grown and harvested in abundance from the rolling highlands of Mt. Apo, passing through the wide plains of the rural communities of Kidapawan City, and down into the backyard of every household.


Crops abundantly grown in the area include abaca, rubber, corn, rice, coconut, and vegetables.




Mt. Apo



Lake Venado

Kidapawan City is synonymous to Mt. Apo[1][2][3][4] which towers at 10,311 feet above sea level with a total area of 14.6 square meters. The country’s tallest peak is an abode to the almost extinct Philippine Eagle.[5][6][7] The majestic mountain is surrounded by moss-covered century-old-trees, captivating flora and fauna, sulfur craters, and massive boulders. Within the Mt. Apo Natural Park is the Mandarangan Geological Site which is being promoted as a major educational tourism site. Lake Venado which is hidden among the mountain ranges stands at an elevation of 7,200 feet above sea level. Its crystal waters mirror the twin peaks of Mt. Apo. Lake Agko, on the other hand, is a steaming blue lake where hot and cold springs converge. It stands at an elevation of 4,200 feet above sea level. It is five kilometers from the jump-off point of mountain trekkers located at Barangay Ilomavis, Kidapawan City.


The Marbel Falls, which is a hidden twin falls of about 60 to 70 feet in height, is surrounded by hot springs. The Mawig Falls on the other hand, which is located in Barangay Balabag, is the source of the crystal-clear waters of Matingao River.


To celebrate the abundance of the exotic fruits grown in Kidapawan City, the city government spearheads the annual celebration of a Festival which falls annually in the month of August called Timpupu or the fruit festival. This festival first held in 2002 (the 2007 festival was the 6th occurrence of the festival[8]) celebrates the fruit harvest, the city purchases large quantities of local fruit which is laid out on tables along the streets for visitors and residents.[9] In 2006, the festival was held in October due to problems with the harvest.[10] The 2007 festival was held in the traditional month of August.[8] Dubbed “Timpupu” from the Manobo word “harvest”, the celebration signifies the people's thanksgiving for the bountiful harvest and richness of the exotic fruits that thrive in the area. The Timpupu Festival is the best venue to savor the sweet, rich, and healthful banquet of tropical fruits which usually falls during the harvest season -August to October - depending on the ripening of fruits. Activities featured during the annual event include the Fruit Galore, Fruit Float Parade, Fruit Arrangement and Street Dancing Competition.


The Foundation Anniversary of the City of Kidapawan (February 12) is celebrated with parades, beauty contests, and traditional non-lethal horse fights.



Local means of transportation is served by almost 2,000 motor tricycles known locally as just "motor". Transportations to its barangays and adjacent municipalities are served by multicabs, jeepneys, and L300 Vans. Weena Bus Company serves the Davao City—Cotabato City Route which passes the cities of Digos and Kidapawan. Public Utility Vans also served routes to and from the cities of Davao, Cotabato, Tacurong-Isulan, Koronadal and General Santos.



Based on the 2010 estimates, the city has a total population of 125,447 from 117,610 in 2007. The religion is predominantly Roman Catholic, although there are many Muslims residing in the city. The main language is Cebuano. Ilonggo, Tagalog and English are the secondary languages.



There are a lot of villages and housing subdivisions that are located within the city's residential area and its adjacent barangays. Just recently there is a twelve acre subdivision project by Sunny Meadows Subdivision that is located at the very heart of Kidapawan City. The new neighborhood is located near transportation, highways, schools, churches, hospitals, shopping centers, commercial districts, and other community facilities.



Kidapawan City is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.


Amas - (Urban)

Amazion - (Rural)

Balabag - (Rural)

Balindog - (Urban)

Binoligan - (Rural)

Birada - (Urban)

Gayola - (Rural)

Ginatilan - (Rural)

Ilomavis - (Rural)

Indangan - (Rural)

Junction - (Rural)

Kalaisan - (Rural)

Kalasuyan - (Rural)

Katipunan - (Rural)

Lanao - (Urban)

Linangcob - (Rural)

Luvimin - (Rural)

Macebolig - (Rural)

Magsaysay - (Rural)

Malinan - (Rural)

Manongol - (Rural)

Marbel(Embac) - (Rural)

Mateo - (Rural)

Meohao - (Rural)

Mua-an - (Rural)

New Bohol - (Rural)

Nuangan - (Urban)

Onica - (Rural)

Paco - (Rural)

Patadon(Patadon East) - (Rural)

Perez - (Rural)

Poblacion - (Urban)

San Isidro - (Rural)

San Roque - (Rural)

Santo Niño - (Rural)

Sibawan - (Rural)

Sikitan - (Rural)

Singao - (Rural)

Sudapin - (Urban)

Sumbac - (Rural)


Educational Institutions

Southern Philippines Methodist Colleges, Inc.

Spottswood National High School

Marciano Mancera Memorial Elementary School

School For Life Montessori

Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc.[11]

Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School SPED Center

Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School

Kidapawan City National High School (City High)

ABC Educational Development Center

Felipe Suerte Memorial Elementary School

Central Mindanao Colleges

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Kidapawan College

Colegio de Kidapawan[12]

STI College System Technology Institute (STI Kidapawan)[13]

Kidapawan Anchor Bay Bible School

Kidapawan Jireh Christian School

Kidapawan Southern Baptist Elementary School

Kidapawan Polytechnic College

Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc

North Point College of Arts and Technology

North Valley College Foundation

Notre Dame of Kidapawan College[14][15]

Read Data Access Computer College (RDACC)

St. Mary's Academy of Kidapawan (Formerly Notre Dame of Kidapawan for Girls)[16][17][18][19]

University of Southern Mindanao Kidapawan City Campus[20]

Kidapawan City SDA Elememntary School

St. Louis Review Center (SLRC) - Kidapawan (Nursing, Teachers & Civil Service Review)

Lanao Central Elementary School

Saniel Cruz National High School (SCNHS) Formerly Kidapawan City National High School Annex[21]

Linangkob National High School

Paco central elementary school

Paco national high school

Amas Central Elementary School

Amas National High School


Radio Stations

DXCA-FM 90.3 mHz Charm Radio (Andolana Broadcasting Network/Polytechnic Foundation of Cotabato & Asia)

DXXK-FM 91.9 mHz Astig-FM (PrimeCities Broadcasting/Southern Cities Airwaves Network)

The Edge Radio 101.5 mHz (United Christian Broadcasting)

DXGM-FM 103.1 mHz Dream FM (DepEd)

DXYY-FM 107.1 mHz Radyo Natin (Manila Broadcasting Company)

DXKM-FM 107.9 mHz Z-FM (G.Mercado Entertainment Center/RMC)

DXDM-FM 88.7 mHz Happy FM (Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation)

DXND-AM 747 kHz Radyo Bida (Notre Dame Broadcasting Corporation)

DXCM-AM 1089 kHz RADYO UKAY (UM Broadcasting Network)

DXAN FM 102.3 MHz GOLD FM (Kalayaan Broadcasting System Inc.)

105.7 MHz JOY FM (Yaki Broadcasting System)

DXIK-FM 106.5 mHz Romance-FM (PrimeCities Broadcasting/Hiligaynon Broadcast Group)

DXXK-FM 100.7 mHz Flash Radio (PrimeCities Broadcasting/Radyo Kidlat News Network)

96.5 MHz LIKE FM (Northwest Cable TV Network)


M.O.R. 95.3 MHz (ABS-CBN Corporation, opening on February 2015)


TV Network Stations

People's Television Network DXKN-TV 8(with transmitters located in Cotabato Provincial Compound, Amas, Kidapawan)

ABS-CBN TV 4 (relay station with transmitter located at Ilomavis, Kidapawan City)

CTS-TV 6 (community television station of PCB-Countryside Television System)

Studio 23 TV 26 (relay station with transmitter located at Kidapawan City)

Hotel, Inn, Lodging House[edit]

Mount Apo Inn - Bautista St. Kidapawan City.

AJ Hi Time Hotel and Restaurant - Downtown City of Kidapawan

Grand Ficus - Near City Overland Terminal

Boylyn Pensione Plaza - Brgy. Magsaysay, Kidapawan City

Kuya Ed's Microtel - Balindog, Kidapawan City 9400 Philippines

Midside Pension House - Tamesis St., Kidapawan City

SAM's Guesthouse & Apartelles - Villamarzo Street

Casa De Rositas

Apo Summit-Boragay kidapawan City

Supper Cool Hotel -Bonifacio St. Kidapawan City

JBL Lodge - Kidapawan City

Fadj Inn and restaurant- Jose Abad Santos St., Kidapawan City

Old Barracks Suites (SilverSpoon Lodge) - Brgy. Sudapin, KIdapawan City

Elai Resort & Hotel (Sister Company Of Yaki) - Km 117, Brgy. Paco, Kidapawan City

Eva's Hotel

Grandshine Hotel - J.P. Laurel St., Kidapawan City

Samanthas Travellers Inn - Along Davao-Cotabato National Highway, Brgy. Balindog, Kidapawan City

Fiols Pension House - Along Davao-Cotabato National Highway, Brgy. Balindog, Kidapawan City


Grand Ficus Plaza Hotel & Resort - Ninoy Aquino Avenue, Kidapawan City

Elai Hotel and Resort - Km 17, Brgy. Paco, Kidapawan City

Serendipity Resort and Adventureland - Brgy. Katipunan, Kidapawan City

RC Martinez Farm and Garden Resort - Brgy. Mua'an, Kidapawan City(0918-456-3654)

Lake Agco Mahomanoy Mountain Resort and Spa - Brgy. Ilomavis, Kidapawan City

Lelec's Resort - Brgy. Sumbac, Kidapawan City


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External links

Philippine Standard Geographic Code